Use case diagram

Use case diagram

The first question to ask yourself is: "What will the software be used for?" ". The use case diagram. The use case diagram includes actors and use cases. It is important to provide with a diagram of use a detailed description if possible including a nominal scenario (typical sequence) and alternative sequences on the particular cases.


The first are represented by figures. An actor is an entity external to the modeled system and which interacts directly with it. The actors are the users of the system: integrated software, external computer systems, an element external to the system with which it interacts.

Actors are therefore roles and not a physical person. A natural person can be represented by different actors. If several people play the same role vis-à-vis the system, they will be represented by a single actor.

diagramme de cas d'utilisation uml acteur relation

Use case

A use case is a service rendered to an actor, it is a functionality by the latter. Actors requesting services from systems are called primary actors. When they are called upon by the system, they are called secondary actors.

diagramme de cas d'utilisation uml acteur relation


There are several types of relationship: between actors, between use cases or between actor and use cases.

Relations between actors symbolize a generalization, and is represented by a solid line and an empty arrow. There is generalization between A and B if we can say "A is a kind of B". This would amount to inheritance in an object oriented language.

There are two possible relationships between use cases (we have already seen the generalization). The inclusion between A and B means that B is an obligatory part of A. In the other direction we speak of extension, B is an optional part of A. It is represented by a dotted arrow from A to B. On can read A includes B or B extends A.

the inclusion and extension relationships allow a reusable service to be isolated as part of several other use cases, this is called reuse.

diagramme de cas d'utilisation uml acteur relation

It may happen that a use case covers a set of exchanges and treatments. In this case, the inclusion and extension relations allow us to better write the case.

diagramme de cas d'utilisation uml acteur relation
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