The Gantt chart is a visual view of scheduled tasks over time. Gantt charts are used to plan projects of all sizes and are a useful way to show work planned for a specific day. They also help you display the start and end dates of a project in a simple view.
This tool meets two objectives: to plan optimally as well as to communicate on the established schedule and the choices it imposes.
The Gantt chart does not solve all problems, especially if one has to plan manufactures that compete for the use of certain company resources.
The method consists of placing the tasks to be carried out in the order defined by the priority and taking into account the resources still available. The most common rules are:
- priority to the completion of products with the earliest delivery date.
- priority to the first order arrived.
- priority to productions with the shortest total duration.
- priority to fabrications that use at least one critical resource.
- priority to products that have the minimum margin.
This diagram (or schedule) has a number of advantages:
- easy to read and accessible to all.
- monitoring can be done easily during the course of the project by comparing
the planned dates and the actual dates.
- the start and end dates of each task are read directly from the scale of
- it allows by allocating resources to tasks to establish the load plan.
The Gantt chart makes it possible to analyze all the relationships that exist between the activities, to identify the sequences of activities, to identify the critical path (without room for maneuver) and the start and end dates (at the earliest and at the latest) of each activity. The Gantt chart makes it possible to choose the dates which will be effectively retained to carry out the activities and, possibly, to show the relationships between the activities and therefore the consequences in terms of delays.
Establishment of the temporal diagram:
Addition of criteria (here the number of staff to accomplish a task: